This photograph contains a collection of the most common crystal inclusions in Colombian Corundum, observe the multiple "Rutile crystals" elongated "Brookite crystals", healed fractures.
This stone contains a great number of "Negative crystals", observe the small "Stress Halo", and the reddish color center, typical of the "change of color" phenomena (reddish - blue) common in Colombian corundum.
Modified zircon crystals are found in many stones in this area.
HEXAGONAL GROWTH PATTERN
A common feature found in corundum, the intersection at sixty degrees of growth bands, observe the multiple zircon stress halo's.
Characteristic inclusion, temperature changes cause the minute "Zircon" crystal to expand creating this typical stress inclusion.
Observe the growth pattern in this Colombian Ruby,it contains included crystals and typical two phase fingerprint inclusions similar to rubies of other countries.
Deep red Rutile crystals common in Colombian corundum, observe the growth lines.
A collection of minute crystals of rutile, brookite, zircon, apatite.
Minute particles form this extremely fine veil in this unusually colored natural corundum.
These deposit's materials supplies to the market have been small and sporadic therefore making them more collector's items than widely accessible commercial products.
These alluvial deposits of basaltic origin are located in a volcanic area of high mountains and steep canyons. Even after centuries of informal mining, following big rains it is possible to find, on the surface or in natural pools in the river and stream beds, material that has been washed from the surrounding formations by the flow of water and gravity. The Corundum material is usually found in association with large amounts of garnets, quartz, natural glass, hematite and olivine.
In spite of the fact that most of the crystals found have abraded surfaces, some remarkably perfect crystals have also been located, thus suggesting the possibility of an 'in situ' deposit and a potential future source of Corundum for the world markets. In the future, it would not be surprising at all that a great 'Sapphire or Ruby', resting today in any famous collection in the world and was regarded as coming from Sri Lanka, Thailand or India, is in fact a Colombian Corundum.
GemologyColombian corundum has gemological properties similar to corundum from other locations, in general it has the following gemological properties:
||2 O3 with minor traces of Cr,Ti,Fe|
||Great variety of natural colors observed trough the C-axis, blue to blue-green most common,colorless,red to orange,red to pink,color change material common. In general simple hexagonal prismatic crystals, tabular in shape, with flat terminations, twinning observed, smooth surfaces common, rounded terminations common also, sizes from few millimeters to 5 centimeters|
||1.762 - 1.770|
||3.99 - 4.05 varies with the amount of solid inclusions present Inert to Short wave UV. Variable orange to red fluorescence under Long wave UV|
||Typical absorption spectrum for Cr,Fe,Ti elements.|
||Characteristic corundum features hexagonal growth zoning, color zoning, twinning, several mineral inclusions commonly observed, boehmite needles, rutile crystals, elongated dark color brookite crystals, colorless transparent zircon, apatite, tourmaline, negative crystals. Blue and blue-green colors can react favorably to proper heat treatment, pink material will turn orange when exposed to high temperatures|
|Montero M.A||Estudio Mineralogico y Gemologico de los Corindones de Mercaderes-Cauca||Tesis de Grado Universidad Nacional,Dept. de Geociencias||1.992|
|Themelis T.||The Heat treatment of Ruby and Sapphire||Gemlab Inc.||p 156-160, 1.992|
|Keller P., Koivula J.I., Jara G.||Sapphire from the Mercaderes-Rio mayo Area, Cauca, Colombia||Gems & Gemology||Spring 1.985 P.20-25|
|Bank H. Scmetzer K. Maes J.||Durchsichtiger, blau-rot changierender Korund aus Kolumbien||Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gemmologischen Gesellschaft||Vol.27, No.2 pp102-103, 1.978|